Schizoid Personality Disorder and Overdose

Schizoid Personality Disorder and Overdose

Schizoid personality disorder (SPD) describes a condition in which a person is overly obsessed with his or her own imaginary, emotional or otherwise internal world to the detriment of relationships, social interaction and the external world in general. While this condition is not the same as schizophrenia, the two do have some things in common and exist as various points on the same spectrum of disorders. While a schizophrenic or schizotypal person cannot distinguish between reality and fantasy, a schizoid person is in touch with reality but is programmed to prefer his or her internal world to anything going on around him or her. The following are some common symptoms of schizoid personality disorder:

  • A preference to be alone
  • Few (if any) close friendships
  • Sexual ambivalence
  • Inability to understand common interpersonal situations
  • Emotional detachment
  • Lack of motivation to perform well at work or school
  • Lack of leadership
  • Indifference
  • Difficulty making friends
  • Inability to respond properly to social cues
  • Inability to feel pleasure

Schizoid personality disorder can be caused by both genetic and environmental factors. The condition runs in families but can also develop in response to childhood neglect or abuse.

Repercussions and Risks of Schizoid Personality Disorder

People with schizoid personality disorder are at an increased risk to develop the following problems:

  • Substance abuse and addiction
  • Depression
  • Symptoms of schizophrenia and schizotypal personality disorder
  • Social anxiety disorder
  • Phobias
  • Anxiety or panic attacks

Individuals on the schizoid spectrum tend to self-medicate with drugs or alcohol with higher frequency than people who do not suffer from this condition. Because they tend to separate themselves from groups, they may also be at an increased risk for overdose. Many such people live alone and have very little interaction with others. As they develop a tolerance for the effects of drugs and alcohol, they require higher quantities in order to feel the relief they crave. This also increases their risk for addiction.

Treating Schizoid Personality Disorder and Addiction

Schizoid personality disorder is often treated with a combination of medication and counseling. While there is no drug that effectively treats the disorder itself, many of the symptoms can be medically relieved. Specialized counseling techniques, such as cognitive behavior therapy, can help patients become mindful of their emotions and of the impact their words and actions have on others. Support group therapy can also be very effective at helping schizoid individuals learn how better to engage with others.

Individuals with schizoid personality disorder who have become addicted to drugs or alcohol often require specialized treatment that is holistic, comprehensive and fully integrated into their overall treatment plan. This type of treatment can be extremely effective in residential or inpatient environments.

Addiction and Overdose Helpline

If you have been diagnosed with schizoid personality disorder and are struggling with substance abuse, please call our toll-free, 24 hour helpline today. If these symptoms describe someone you care about, we are available to answer your questions and to equip you with the most effective recovery resources available. Don’t despair, and don’t assume this condition will just go away. Help is available right now.